Declaration of the Second BRICS Trade Union Forum
[South Africa will host the fifth BRICS Summit from March 26 – 27, 2013 in Durban, South Africa. BRICS is an acronym for the powerful grouping of the world’s leading emerging economies, namely Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa. The first BRIC Summit took place in Yekateringburg, Russia, where the elected leaders of the four countries formally declared the membership of the BRIC economic bloc. South Africa joined the bloc in 2010, resulting in BRICS.
The five countries represent a third of the world’s total population, with combined nominal GDP of $13.6 trillion. Prior to the summit meeting, representatives of the labor organizations of the countries involved met in Durban. Their concluding resolution appears below. Portside.]
Declaration of the Second BRICS Trade Union Forum held in Durban (Ethekwini), South Africa, 23-25 March, 2013
Towards a Progressive BRICS Trade Union PlatformIntroduction
In the spirit of international solidarity, working class unity and trade union co-operation, the BRICS trade union movement gathered in Durban, South Africa on 23rd-25th March, 2013 to reflect on the critical challenges facing the working class in today’s changing global political economy and how it impacts on workers’ rights, human dignity and sustainable development for all.
Gathered under the auspices of the BRICS Trade Union Forum, we sought to build on the foundations laid by the Moscow Declaration, which was adopted at the 1st BRICS Trade union Forum in Russia in December 2012. This declaration correctly located the cooperation resulting in the emergence of BRICS in the context of the historic prevailing global power relations which favours the interests of developed countries to the exclusion of the developing countries.
We wish to express our profound solidarity and support to all workers involved in struggles in defence of their rights, dignity, health and safety, against poverty, inequalities, unemployment, environmental degradation and for a world based on peace, justice and gender equality.
We affirm the right of all the peoples of the world to determine their own economic policies free from current imposition by the Bretton Woods institutions
Amongst others, we discussed the global capitalist crisis, which is increasing inequalities and underdevelopment in several parts of the developing world. Given the location of this year’s Summit, we paid special attention to the conditions facing the working people of Africa, who suffered colonial dehumanisation and still suffer extreme conditions of exploitation. This is a consequence of the persisting structures of neo-colonial patterns of accumulation, unfair trade and exclusion in global governance systems.
The significance and concrete meaning of BRICS to workers under the current global conditions should be positioned as an alternative model of inclusive development that serves the interests of the majority in society.
In this regard, we emphasise in one voice the need for the effective and full participation of the working class in all institutions of BRICS. Only in that way will BRICS be different from existing multilateral institutions.
We identified and dealt with four thematic areas relating to the fast-paced developments in the BRICS bloc of countries and the importance of workers’ views on its meaning to the struggle for social justice and development for all.
1. On BRICS trade patterns and what they mean for working class solidarity today? Towards a just and fair world trade system
We note that trade within the BRICS countries is centered mainly on commodities and very little on value-added goods. We believe that trade policies within the BRICS countries should aim at supporting industrialisation. The key objective should be the realisation of mutually beneficial trade amongst BRICS countries and amongst all countries of the world to address the imbalances between the north and the south. In addition, BRICS countries should work with other developing countries towards the transformation of the world trade system.
2. On the development of alternative sources of Development Finance - Our perspective on the BRICS Development Bank
We acknowledge that we are in an era marked by the rise of the financialisation of the economy, which has resulted in the domination of finance capital in many developing countries and the rest of the world.
We cautiously welcome the proposal of a BRICS development bank. We strongly believe that this bank should take a different form from the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund (IMF). It should primarily developmental in character.
We envisage the BRICS development Bank solely owned by BRICS, publicly funded, taking all decisions on consensus, promoting trade based on own currencies of its member countries, with a core focus on infrastructure and development in consultation and approval by all stakeholders, inclusive of the community and trade unions.
BRICS trade unions should be represented on the BRICS bank’s highest decision-making body and its various task teams.
3. Building working class power for workers’ rights and an end to inequalities, unemployment and poverty for decent work and inclusive development
We recognise that without a coordinated approach within the trade unions, workers’ interests may not be taken forward.
In defending and advancing workers rights, we commit to ensuring that all multinational companies comply with core labour standards, and do not exploit unequal conditions between countries, driving down wages and eroding workers rights by playing workers against one another.
In addition, we recognise the importance of national and global tripartite dialogue structures, and pledge to defend these as a key site for advancing the decent work agenda and ensuring the protection of workers’ rights, particularly those of vulnerable and migrant workers.
We will struggle to ensure that the BRICS agenda does not isolate regional and continental counterparts, and will work to advance the interests of the developing world in general.
4. On the position and role of BRICS trade unions in shaping the agenda in the interest of social justice and people-centred development
It is our considered view that the emergence of BRICS presents the potential to organise it into a progressive force around which various struggles can be coordinated. However, we continue to call for a further decisive shift in the current political and economic outlook of BRICS.
In order to enhance our co-operation, we will establish a coordinating mechanism consisting of representatives from all trade union federations based in each of the BRICS countries. The immediate task is to implement this and previous declarations, including preparations for the next Trade Union Forum in Brazil in 2014.
Opening address by the COSATU General Secretary, Zwelinzima Vavi, at the Trade Union BRICS Forum